ISSN 1556-6757














Volume 1, Issue 1, 2007
Visual Fine Art and Copyright in the Digital Networking Age
Michael E. Jones

The aim of copyright is to create incentives for art to be created, designed and, in many cases,

shared or exhibited. The law does this by giving an artist exclusive rights to control the public

display of one’s work, and to control copies of one’s work. The growth of new technologies has

made it more difficult for an artist to not merely control the original work of art, but to receive

compensation and credit. What if the artist objects to the transformational or derivative use of the

original work of art because it is used without permission or invades the artist’s publicity rights?

Are analog rules effective in a digital world? An exploration of these questions, and the notion of

whether the law should be expanded to protect innovative uses or whether new uses of art should not receive the same protection, follows. Full Article


The Study of R&D Management on New Product Development Performance in Taiwan’s Hi-Tech Industries    Pang -Lo Liu and Chih-Hung Tsai


Due to the progress in manufacturing technology, rapid changing business environment, and shorter product life cycle, hi-tech industries must place greater effort in increasing their R&D technologies to meet customer demands and achieve new product development performance. This research examines Taiwan’s hi-tech companies by conducting a series of R&D management activities. The influences of these activities on new product achievement is determined and analyzed. Two intermediate variables for corporate status and R&D tendency are considered in discussing the relationship between R&D management and new product development. The former belongs to the influence factor for exterior strategy, while the latter is related to interior organization. Since Taiwan’s hi-tech industries has gradually entered the age in which core technologies and R&D competence are starting to determine a business’s competitive advantages, this study will focus on R&D management for hi-tech industries, which is very meaningful both academically and practically. Some of this research findings are: (1) New product development performance is significant when R&D management ability is stronger; (2) New product development performance is significant when R&D tendency is higher; (3) Enterprise scale is not a key factor for new product development; (4) New product development performance is significant when technology status is superior. Full Article


What Patents Tell: Limitations of Patent-Based Indicators of Innovation
Charles Kamau Maina

The OECD guide entitled “Science, Technology and Industry Scoreboard” proposes using patents as indicators of innovation and therefore of economic growth. Using a framework of an inherent trade-off between incentives and the undesirable results of patents’ temporary monopoly, this paper highlights several limitations and assumptions of patents as indicators of economic growth. These limitations include inability of patent-based indicators alone to explain differences in levels of economic growth, their exclusion of unpatented and non-patentable inventions, their inability to capture all the costs of a patent system, and jurisdictional differences in patent laws and enforcement levels. Consequently, this paper concludes that such limitations render patents ambiguous indicators of innovation and therefore of economic growth. Full Article


Italian Politics at the Crossroads: Nationalism, Separatism or Federalism ?

Alessandro Figus


This paper is concerned with the politics of Italian regionalism. Today it is unfortunately still a topical subject and leads to a related simple question: “what is separatism ?”. It is possible to give different answers depending where the question is set. In accordance with one of the more common definitions, separatism means: “the character or act of a separatist”. Full Article


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