ISSN 1556-6757


SJI 


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

 
 
 
Volume 1, Issue 2, 2007
 
 

The Relationship between Physical Attractiveness of Professors and Students’ Ratings of Professor Quality   Jennifer Bonds-Raacke and John D. Raacke

Abstract
The present study contributes to the literature on physical attractiveness of professor and student evaluations by exploring attractiveness as a continuous variable. To do so, the website www.ratemyprofessors.com was utilized. The purposes of the present study were to determine if: (a) the student’s perceptions of physical attractiveness (i.e., the number of hot ratings) were significantly correlated with professor ratings of quality and (b) the level of attractiveness (i.e., the percentage of hot ratings) was significantly correlated with professor ratings of quality. Results indicated that professor attractiveness was correlated with professor’s overall quality, helpfulness, and clarity in the classroom. Full Article

 

Defense Styles and the Interpersonal Circumplex: The Interpersonal Nature of Psychological Defense   Virgil Zeigler-Hill and Drew W. Pratt
 

Abstract
Defense mechanisms are unconscious processes that maintain self-esteem and prevent excessive levels of negative affect. The present study examined the interpersonal similarity of defense styles (i.e., habitual use of clusters of related defense mechanisms) as well as identifying which defense styles possessed significant interpersonal content. The interpersonal circumplex (Wiggins, Phillips, & Trapnell, 1989) served as the nomological network for evaluating the interpersonal styles associated with these defenses. The only defense style found to possess substantial interpersonal content was the immature defense style. In contrast, neither the mature nor neurotic defense styles possessed substantial interpersonal content. At

the level of specific defense mechanisms, a variety of immature defenses and a single mature defense were found to possess substantial interpersonal content. These findings suggest that defense styles may be at least partially distinguishable with regard to their interpersonal content.

Full Article


 

Perceptions of Mental Illness and Psychotherapy in a Sample of Asian, Hispanic, and White American College Students    Lisa Mori, Angelika Panova, Zelida S. Keo

Abstract
This study investigated views of mental illness and psychotherapy of 1,143 ethnically diverse (e.g., Asian, Hispanic, White) undergraduates, ages 17 to 30. Results indicated that Asians typically reported the greatest misconceptions of mental illness and the least confidence in psychotherapy in contrast to White and Hispanic participants. Males expressed higher levels of negativity about psychotherapy and the mentally ill than female participants. Ethnicity and gender influenced views of mental illness and openness to seeking mental health services, even among a demographic sample (i.e., psychology college students) likely to view psychological disorders and treatment in a positive light. Future research is needed to explore variables that may contribute to these ongoing attitudinal trends. Full Article
 


Utilizing the Cultural Formulation Model of the DSM-IV-TR with Asian Americans: A Chinese American Case Application    Samuel. S. Faulkner, Cynthia A. Faulkner, Latonya Hesterberg

Abstract
Many subtle variations of language, custom, culture, and religion exist within Asian countries. Failure to recognize distinctions between the ethnicities, plethora of languages and cultural practices can lead to misjudgments, misperceptions and misdiagnosis. While the Diagnostic Statistical Manual (DSM) deserves commendation for attempting to include cultural considerations in its latest editions, there lies the danger of reductionism for deciding what is considered “abnormal behavior.” Therefore, when working with Asian Americans it is important to ascertain where they are from, the specific customs of their ethnic group or community, as well as their level of acculturation and participation in Western values  and belief. Full Article