ISSN 1556-6757







Volume 3, Issue 1, 2009

From the Espresso Era to the Internet Era – High School Students and On-line Chat
Dan Soen

The article addresses the broad social implications of the internet technological revolution, and its manifestations among high school students drawing attention to the contradictory conclusions reached by various researchers. The paper reports findings from a field study among 60 Israeli high school students aged 12-18. Conclusions indicate that the net expands and enhances new social relationships which fulfill important social, emotional, and intellectual functions in adolescents’ lives. The study findings further indicate that gender and age are important moderators of net chat. Findings of this case study are consistent with the conclusions advanced by the late Marshall McLuhan, and the conceptualization of the communication technology as a new social essence.  Full Article

Motivational Orientation of Persons Managing Community Water Supply and Sanitation Programmes in the Volta Region of Ghana: An Empirical Study.
Hayford Benjamin Kwaku Kwashie

This paper reports on an investigation into factors that determined the decisions of Watsan members to participate in and commit themselves to management activities that would ensure the sustainability of water supply and sanitation programmes in their communities. The particular management activities considered for this study were Watsan meetings, implementation of decisions and promotion of hygiene and sanitation practices. The major finding was that there were emerging shifts in the motivational orientations of the Watsan members to initially provide voluntary services to their communities, which was based purely on normative values. The current trend is that their decisions to continue membership and to participate in and commit themselves to Watsan activities are increasingly being shaped
by remunerative values. It implies that their continued membership and willingness to perform their management tasks satisfactorily, in future, would depend on how much satisfaction they derived from being members. It is argued that, the absence of these motivational factors will eventually make the Watsan Committees incapable of holding scheduled meetings regularly and frequently, effectively implementing their decisions and efficiently promoting hygiene and
sanitation practices in their communities. 
Full Article

The Efficacy of Symbolic Work-Family Integration for Married Professionals who Share Paid Work– A Descriptive Study.  Michelle Y. Janning

This study investigates whether spouses sharing paid work (in terms of workplace, occupation, or both) affects the amount and direction of work-family integration in terms of use of time, space, artifacts, activities, and associates (Nippert-Eng 1996). Results from interviews of each member of twenty-six professional couples reveal that spousal shared paid work arrangements influenced the likelihood of about half of the measures of integration. In addition, the direction of the integration differed between couples who shared workplaces and those who did not. Couples sharing workplace were more likely to integrate work into home, and less likely to integrate home into work, than those not sharing workplace. For most respondents, the demands of paid work were great enough that it was inevitable to have greater work-to-home spillover than the reverse.  Full Article

The Heaven and Earth Society and the Red Turban Rebellion in Late Qing China
Jaeyoon Kim

This paper focuses primarily on what is called the Red Turban Rebellion (1854-1856), actually a series of rebellions by the Heaven and Earth Society in South China. The Red Turban Rebellion did not have nationwide repercussions, and may appear to be dwarfed in significance by the cataclysmic upheavals that China was undergoing in the mid-nineteenth century. Nevertheless, this rebellion is of considerable interest and importance since it provides case studies for the interaction between local societies, for an uprising motivated by problems internal to that society, and for influences of local secret societies. Full Article