ISSN 1556-6757















Volume 1, Issue 1, 2009, ISSN 1948-5786
Environmental Concern: A Cross National Analysis
Madalla A. Alibeli and Chris Johnson

Environmental concern among samples of college students in Bahrain, Jordan, Qatar, and Saudi Arabia (BJQS) was examined. Data for this study were extracted from a Middle Eastern Environmental Attitudes Survey conducted at the University of Bahrain in Bahrain, King Saud University in Saudi Arabia, Mu’tah University in Jordan, and Qatar University in Qatar. Findings indicated high to moderately high levels of concern about the environment among college students in (BJQS). However, concern about the environment varied according to students’ socioeconomic and demographic characteristics.
Full Article


Anti-Americanism in World Affairs: Can the United States Do Anything About It?
Yannis A. Stivachtis

After the tragic events of 9/11, the U.S. and its citizens became the recipients of a significant degree of sympathy in many parts of the world. However, following the Iraq War, "anti-Americanism" has spread far and wide. But are these popular anti-American attitudes primarily a reaction to the George W. Bush Administration and its policies or do they result from more fundamental factors? On the domestic front, there is a divide between the Left and Right as to what the ‘real’ sources of anti-Americanism are. The present article reflects a growing dissatisfaction with the way anti-Americanism is explained and presented to the American public. Moreover, if anti-Americanism is so harmful to U.S. interests that it demands the creation of a stronger, better mechanism to deal with it, then one should have a better understanding of this phenomenon prior to designing any policies to respond to it. This article provides a comprehensive approach to the complicated phenomenon of anti-Americanism and discusses whether and to what extent the U.S. can respond to its negative effects. Full Article


Differential Responses to Managerial Incentives among Workers: Case Study
Khalid Alrawi and Khalefa Jaber

There is a considerable interest and debate over the effectiveness of Managerial Incentives (MI)This paper examines the impact of sub-culture on preferences of managerial incentives. The purpose is to investigate the popular assumption that cultural differences exist at this level, and to see whether these differences have an impact on MI’s effectiveness. An experimental design is used to test a series of hypotheses based on a sample of Indian and Egyptian employees. It has found that despite the existence of cultural differences at an ethnic level, culture does not appear to have a significant impact on the employee responses to MI. Finally, the study also provides further evidence that validates a scale used for the measurement of culture. Full Article