ISSN 1556-6757















Volume 2, Issue 1, 2009, ISSN 1948-576X
Are Many Heads Better Than Two? Recent Changes in International Technological Collaboration
Daniel K.N. Johnson and Katherine A. Sneed

There are two counter-intuitive trends in technological collaboration currently at work, making collaborative patent applications less common but where they exist, the collaborations involve more partners. Patent data are used to examine these trends along with the impact of recent policy changes. Full Article

Podcasting and Vodcasting: Legal Issues and Ethical Dilemmas
Heidi L. Schnackenberg, Edwin S. Vega, Dustin H. Relation

Portable media devices like iPods, iRivers, and others are becoming quite common in today’s society. Concurrent with the advent of portable hardware is the development of downloadable media. Two of these forms of downloadable programming are podcasting and vodcasting. While these media are rapidly becoming a part of everyday life, written laws that govern technology and its uses are not remaining current with the quickly changing nuances of ownership and usage rights in the digital world. This paper addresses the various types of pod/vodcasting and the legal and ethical implications of creating and using these media. Full Article


Frontstage and Backstage Ethics in Mental Health: A Qualitative Case Study
Emily M. Sweitzer

This qualitative study attempted to examine the ethical principles of autonomy and confidentiality

and their applications among the daily work activities of mental health case managers. The

philosophical concepts of Utilitarianism and Deontology were also examined as justifications for

the case managers’ applications of treatment. For the purpose of this study, a qualitative

interview was conducted with three, mental health, intensive case managers to ascertain their

individual perceptions and applications of autonomy and confidentiality. Observations of case

manager team meetings and reviews of several agency policies were also conducted. All data

were then analyzed for thematic content. The emerging themes consisted of: daily havoc,

confidentiality is contextual, autonomy is relative and is manipulated, and protection. These

themes suggest that the application of autonomy and confidentiality are directly influenced by

contexts, policies, values, and behaviors. This study should be beneficial to health care

practitioners for the purpose of recognizing the dynamic role of context and its’ influence on client

health care and therapeutic management.  Full Article


Of Mice and Men: Legal Issues For The Lethal Injection of Animals And Humans
Larence M. Lansford, III, Martin L. Griffin, Charles R. B. Stowe.


Members of the medical profession are constrained by the Hippocratic Oath and ethical considerations from offering medical testimony on the issue of how to terminate life in a manner that does not constitute cruel and unusual punishment. However, this paper suggests that veterinarians have expertise that may be helpful in this debate on how capital punishment is currently administered.  Full Article

Kant’s Regress Argument
Sanja Ivic

Kant’s regress argument presented in his Groundwork presupposes specification of the categorical imperative1, and the accounts of duty and moral worth. Kant argues that regress argument leads to an objective and necessary end, which is the ground of the categorical imperative. Consequently, it must be seen as something that has value for all rational beings. Korsgaard2 argues that the only candidate for such an object with absolute value is “the human being and in general every rational being” as an “end in itself”.3 This paper will argue that Korsgaard’s argument rests on a fallacy. Korsgaard misreconstructs Kant’s regress argument.4 Kant argues that unconditioned condition for categorical imperative is autonomy of the will ( i.e. freedom ),5 not humanity. Full Article