ISSN 1556-6757







Volume 1, Issue 1, 2009


Evaluation of Students Enrolled in Online Human and Child Nutrition Courses
Leeann Sticker

The objective of this study was to evaluate influences of age, online experience, classification, course type and semester on characteristics of students enrolled in online Nutrition courses. Of the 655 students enrolled in online introductory Human and Child Nutrition courses during a 4 year period, 354 responded to an initial survey and 281 responded to a final survey. Educators can use presented information for development and/or improvement of online nutrition courses, such as determining methods of teaching, use of media, presentation of materials, and methods of communication. Full Article


Correlates and Barriers to Pediatric Nutrition in Two Orphanages in the Ashanti Region of Ghana: A Surprising Comparison  Ryan Ribeira, Lora Beth Brown, Abenaa Akuamoa-Boateng

Factors that might affect the nutritional health of children were studied in two orphanages in Ghana. Contrary to expectations, the orphanage that appeared to have the most advantages in terms of menu quality, general sanitation, worker to child ratio, and staff training had higher rates of illness and malnutrition. Observations suggested that the children’s increased exposure to disease and somewhat confined play and sleeping arrangements in that orphanage may facilitate the spread of illnesses and thus affect rates of malnutrition sufficiently to negate the expected benefits of better dietary quality and attention to sanitation. Full Article


Perceptual Bias in Snack Food Unit Quantity Estimates
Bliss Wilson and Harvey Ginsburg

Understanding varieties of food perceptual biases may be a useful tool for addressing the obesity epidemic. There are individual differences in food perception and such distortions may be one factor related to eating disorders, including obesity (Wansink, 2005). Fifty-one undergraduate participants viewed 10 identical clear glass containers holding varying unit quantities of a snack food: large cheese puffs and small cheese puffs. BMI was unrelated to self-reported snacking behaviors or accuracy of snack food unit estimates. A one-way ANOVA, F(9,50) = 217.444, p > .001, and post-hoc paired-comparison t-tests, alpha < .001, showed that snack food quantity estimates for containers having small unit size and larger quantities were underestimated significantly more than containers having large unit size and smaller quantities. Full Article