ISSN 1556-6757


SJI 


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

 
 
Volume 1, Issue 1, 2009, ISSN 1948-5735
 
 
The Female Athlete Triad: A Statement of the Problem
Tara Tietjen-Smith and Jim Mercer

Abstract
Almost 3 million high school girls are currently competing in sports, and female participation in collegiate athletics has risen over 137%. Fierce competition in some sports is potentially dangerous for adolescent girls who are especially vulnerable to an obsession with thinness. The Female Athlete Triad (FAT) consists of disordered eating, amenorrhea, and osteoporosis. Coaches, athletic trainers and other health professionals should gain an understanding of FAT in order to adequately care for the well-being of female athletes. Full Article


A Test of Social Facilitation as a Predictor of Home Performance Advantage
David Dryden Henningsen , Mary Lynn Miller Henningsen, Mary Braz

Abstract
This study tests predictions concerning social facilitation and the home performance advantage in men’s college basketball. Home performance advantage reflects how audiences at sporting events may influence the players' performance such that performance at home exceeds performance on the road. Using social facilitation as an explanatory mechanism the home performance advantage is hypothesized to be greater for high ability teams than for lower ability teams on shooting tasks. In addition, social facilitation is posited to have the greatest effect on relatively simple shots and the smallest effect on more difficult shots. The results provide support for social facilitation as an explanatory mechanism but only for field goal shooting, not for free throw or three point shooting. Three competing explanations (ceiling effects, social inhibition, and referee bias) for these mixed results are proposed and considered. Full Article

 

Beyond the Game: The Imagery of Major League Baseball
Roy F. Fox

Abstract
Using iconic and representative artifacts such as posters, news photos, baseball cards, logos, cereal boxes, and Internet web sites, this article explores the "visual history" of how major league baseball and its players have been represented over the past century. The article explains and illustrates seven stages of visual representation: 1) focus on the game itself; 2) focus on information about the game itself; 3) focus on information about the player; 4) focus on just the player; 5) focus on just the player’s personality; 6) focus on entertainment that is peripheral to baseball; and 7) focus on celebrity-hood itself—the act of or the process of being famous.
Full Article